What electrical issues were exposed at the home inspection
Types of electrical issues at home inspection
Inspecting Service Entrance and Panels. There are many serious defects that can be present in this area. These can be small issues to life threatening. During the electrical inspection the wire type will be documenting along with the panel rating we will also locate the grounding rod,location of service panel, overhead or underground service, inspecting service panels for defects and incorrect installation of panel or wiring, physical damage , Missing anti oxidant grease at aluminum service wires, panel clearance main be an issue, incorrect location of the panel, evidence of aching inside the panel, missing bonding screw in main panel, the panel may need to be sealed around to eliminate water intrusion into the panel. Where overhead service is provided there can be low service wires, over yards, driveways, roof, too close to windows etc.
What type of service panels brands may have hazards?
Federal Pacific Stab-lok model Panels. Federal Pacific Stab-lok model service panels are reputed to have a high rate of circuit breaker failure which can result in a fire or shock/electrocution. When these types of panels are present I always recommend replacement. When a Federal Pacific Stab-lok panel is on your home inspectors report I would highly advice having an electrician give cost estimates of replacement.
Sylvania GTE service panels are reputed to have a high rate of circuit breaker failure which can result in a fire or shock/electrocution. Solution recommend replacement of these types of panels.
Zinsco panels are reputed to have a high rate of circuit breaker failure that can result in a fire or shock/electrocution. Replacement is recommended.
The service panel was made by Westinghouse. Westinghouse service panels are reputed to have a high rate of circuit breaker failure which can result in a fire or shock/electrocution.
I always recommend replacement on these types of service panels theirs no reason to take a chance of having a fire or someone being shocked. Always have an electrician visit the home and give cost estimates for replacement even if functioning properly.
Branch circuits issues at home inspection.
Branch Circuits this area can have many defects and tend to be one of the longer sections in the home inspection report because of so many defects observed in this area. I test receptacles top and bottom if accessible, Ground Fault Circuits, Arc Fault Circuits if present, removing dead front covering and checking for incorrect installation of wiring, loose or damaged breakers, lose wiring, correct breaker size and wiring, type of branch circuit wiring and much more. Some defects that can be exposed during the electrical inspection are Loose wire connections which can lead to aching and cause fires, loose breakers, Over sized breakers which will not trip if there is a problem than they become a fire hazard as well. Missing Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters(GFCI) These are safety devices that are required in wet areas such as garages, kitchens, outside areas, all bathrooms, laundry rooms, and dishwashers. Many times these may be missing in older homes.The GFCI'S may not function in these required areas. Missing Arc Fault Circuit Interrupters. These protect your if a wire was arcing. So if a wire was to arc inside the home this would trip the breaker protecting you and your family from a potential fire. When were arc faults required well they were not required until 2002 in Texas so if your home was built before than your home probable does not have them. They are know required in the following areas family rooms, recreation areas, formal living rooms, sun rooms, studies, office areas, all bedrooms etc. Breakers that are double tapped this also are fire hazards and need to be corrected, wires missing conduit that could be physically damaged wires must be enclosed in conduit under ground and in areas at exterior and in garage areas that are under 8 feet from grade. Neutral wires sharing spots on the bus bar they should have there own spot at bus bar. Many times there are exposed wires these should be enclosed in junction boxes, junction boxes missing covers, Spliced wires not located in junction boxes and missing wire nuts, People using extension cords as permanent wiring
What you need to know about single stranded aluminum wiring.
Does that old home your about to buy have aluminum wiring present? That's one reason to hire a qualified home inspector to inspect the home you are about to buy. Houston's Edge Home Inspections LLC will inspect the electrical systems of the home you are about to purchase. The defects that are found will be included in the report you will know if you have aluminum wiring once the inspection has been completed. Don't get stuck with aluminum wiring make sure to hire the right home inspector. If aluminum wiring exist and is not pointed out during your inspection this could cost you thousands of dollars or worst it could put your family in a potential fire hazard home. I use thermal imaging to detect hot spots that may exist in a home wired with aluminum wiring. Schedule your inspection today lets keep your family safe.
Aluminum wiring expands and contracts more than copper wiring.. Because of the aluminum wiring expanding and contracting so easily with temperature changes, connection can become loose over time leading to overheating causing a potential fire hazard. Aluminum corrodes more easily and it's connections are more prone to oxidation eventually causing loose connections. The aluminum wiring is also a lot easier to become damaged or nicked due to the aluminum being softer. and malleable. Aluminum wiring has a higher electrical resistance all these traits of aluminum wiring create a potential for fire hazard.
Read more about aluminum wiring hazards at Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). If you have aluminum wiring here are some signs you may want to look out for warm or hot face plates, flickering lights, and the smell of burning plastic. If these conditions exist I would recommend an Electrician that is qualified for aluminum wiring to evaluate, because homes with aluminum wiring have a greater potential to reach fire hazard than copper. also if aluminum wiring is present in your home Would recommend regular inspections of electrical system by a licensed electrician who specializes in aluminum wiring.